Dermatology Procedures

"The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others" - Gandhi.

Atopic Dermatitis

Acne

(Also known as dermatitis, atopic dermatitis or eczema)

  • It’s a common skin disease affecting both children and adults
  • It affects about 20% of children, with 70% of the affected children being under the age of 5.
  • 50% of children will continue to have atopic dermatitis into adulthood.
  • About 3% of adults get eczema for the first time in their lives.

Symptoms and sign


Infants and young children

  • Itching often with scratching or infants rubbing against the bedding or other objects
  • Poor sleep
  • Dry and scaly patches affecting scalp, forehead and face (mainly the cheeks)
  • Other parts on the body can be involved
  • Open scratched area can be infected leading to yellowish crusting and oozing

Older children and adults

  • Rashes appear mainly in the body folds (knees, elbows)
  • Other areas commonly affected are the neck, wrist, ankles and the area between the buttocks and the legs.
  • If untreated skin can get thickened and leathery ( sometimes skin gets darker or lighter).
  • Skin can also get bumpy looking like goose bumps.

Causes

  • Eczema is thought to have a genetic origin
  • It affects mainly people who have family members with either eczema, asthma or hayfever ( some people call it sinuses)
  • A very small number of children will have food allergies that will make their eczema worse

In some people mainly adults eczema can affect only the hands (hand dermatitis/eczema), scalp or the face.


Treatment

  • Treatment approaches are different for each patient
  • It usually involves skin care and lifestyle changes
  • Depending on the severity it can either be topical or systemic treatment (oral steroids or immunosuppresants)
  • Topical treatment can include
    • Emollients
    • Topical steroids
    • Topical immunomodulators (Elidel or Protopic)

Sometimes bleach baths can be suggested to reduce the frequency of infections.

For the best treatment speak to your dermatologist